Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 50. Chapters: Timeline of science and engineering in the Islamic world, Timeline of chemistry, Timeline ofMorePlease note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 50. Chapters: Timeline of science and engineering in the Islamic world, Timeline of chemistry, Timeline of meteorology, Timeline of environmental history, Timeline of electromagnetic theory, Timeline of history of environmentalism, 2000s in science and technology, Timeline of luminiferous aether, Timeline of the Manhattan Project, List of years in science, Timeline of scientific discoveries, Timeline of carbon nanotubes, Timeline of Polish science and technology, Timeline of the history of scientific method, Timeline of scientific experiments, Timeline of information theory.
Excerpt: This timeline of science and engineering in the Islamic world covers the time period from the 7th century AD to the introduction of European science to the Islamic world in the 19th and 20th centuries. All year dates are given according to the Gregorian calendar except where noted.
With the adoption of European science in the 19th and 20th centuries, the concept of Islamic science rapidly loses significance. Timeline of chemistry lists important works, discoveries, ideas, inventions, and experiments that significantly changed humanitys understanding of the modern science known as chemistry, defined as the scientific study of the composition of matter and of its interactions.
The history of chemistry in its modern form arguably began with the English scientist Robert Boyle, though its roots can be traced back to the earliest recorded history. Early ideas that later became incorporated into the modern science of chemistry come from two main sources. Natural philosophers (such as Aristotle and Democritus) used deductive reasoning in an attempt to explain the behavior of the world around them. Alchemists (such as Geber and Rhazes) were people who used experimental techniques in an attempt to extend the life or perform material conversions, such as ...